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EAP Edtech Moodle Tertiary teaching

ABC for VLE

A couple of days ago I went to a workshop (for work) and I thought I’d blog about it. The workshop was called ABC Workshop for Learning Design (only in Croatian) and it was run by the people from the Computing Centre at the University of Zagreb. Specifically, one of the moderators was (the pretty recently elected) EDEN president, which I thought was kinda cool. In ELT terms it’s probably like attending a workshop run by the IATEFL president – I know they’re only human but still, it’s like, oh, they’ve taken the time out of their busy lives to run this little workshop… anyway, I digress. 

The workshop concept was actually devised as part of an Erasmus+ project which you can read more about on the project website. In brief, it’s meant to help online course instructors plan their courses – actually, it’s probably not targeted primarily at the lowly course instructor but a team of people responsible for learning design at a particular institution, only in real life in Croatia I think it’s more often each course instructor for themselves when it comes to designing and teaching an online course. In fairness, though, the Computing Centre team are always there if you need them and are very willing to help. 

I should note, before I start on what we did, that an online course in this context refers to courses in an LMS (Moodle in our case), not synchronous courses. 

Right at the start we were divided into two groups and thus found ourselves seated together with several other people teaching a range of subjects. The workshop activities have been devised with a view to (a couple of) people teaching the same subject working in a group, and in fact it was recommended that people apply with this in mind. Our group, however, was quite diverse, incorporating instructors of music and classical philology, among others, so we first needed to agree on a course we all felt comfortable planning. We could choose either an actual course one of us was teaching, which had the disadvantage of only one person being familiar with it, or devise a course on the spot, which everyone would be equally unfamiliar with – so we went with the latter, opting to plan an introductory course on academic writing. I actually have taught an EAP course, so I guess technically I was somewhat at an advantage, only this was a course aimed at L1 speakers. 

Our first task was to fill in the handout below.

ABC workshop – course info sheet

We needed to come up with the course title, the number of ECTS points (this is apparently a tweak introduced by the folks at the Computing Centre because it turns out teachers have a tendency to say, oh, this is gonna be something basic and then proceed to load it up with coursework out of all proportion to what the course load is supposed to be as reflected in the number of ECTS), and a course summary no longer than a tweet (because ideally it should take no longer than that to summarize the main points of your course – I liked that). 

We also had to formulate a couple of learning outcomes (we stopped at four and this was lucky as it turned out because we felt, at the end, that we would need to tack on another ECTS point once we’d looked at all the activities we’d planned for the students). The spider chart on the right is supposed to reflect the proportion of the course that would be devoted to different learning types (no, not learning styles). These are acquisition, inquiry, discussion, practice, collaboration and production. They’re “based on the pedagogic theory of Professor Diana Laurillard’s Conversational Framework”, according to the project website, and there’s a video where she explains how they work. The idea is that you first fill in the spider chart using one color in the initial stage and then again after you’ve designed the whole course, to see if anything has changed. We, for instance, initially thought our students would be doing a lot more inquiry. 

Finally, we needed to give some thought to whether our course was going to be fully online or blended, which is what the line on the bottom right of the picture represents – we opted for a blended course but with a pronounced online dimension. 

This all actually took longer than you might expect, given that there were seven of us and some negotiating was required. The second step was the storyboard, which is in the following pics. 

We decided on how to address the learning outcomes – in week-by-week or topic-based format. I think we first went with the week-by-week, then decided that some of the outcomes (or would it be better to call them course aims?) would take more than a single week to address, so we switched. 

We next picked the learning types we felt would best help students achieve these outcomes, then had to decide on the actual activities the students would do. For instance, the inquiry type (somewhat confusingly – albeit not incorrectly – called “research” in Croatian) includes traditional and digital methods of carrying out an activity. All the learning types do, because if you’re running a blended course, you’ll probably use traditional methods as well as digital. If we stick with the inquiry type, an example would be using traditional methods vs digital tools to collect and analyze data. 

As the course began to take shape, there was a lot of discussion on exactly how much F2F time the students needed and which activities were most suitable for the online segment. It turned out that some learning outcomes, which we’d perhaps thought would be easily achieved and would not require much class time, were a bit more demanding and would thus take longer. Our initial estimate that 30 hours (2 ECTS points) would be enough was challenged, but we didn’t officially revise it. Once all the activities had been planned, we went back through them and awarded stars to those that would be assessed if the course were ever taught (silver for formative and gold for summative assessment). I don’t know if this shows up in the photo, but our idea was to use formative assessment for collaboration and discussion activities so as to encourage students to take part in these.

I understand the workshop includes one more step, which is devising an action plan of sorts whereby you identify what exactly you’ll need to do to put all you’ve designed into practice; for instance, you might have to record a video and you’ll need someone’s help to do this, so you should plan how to go about it. We’d run out of time for this step but I think in our case this wasn’t a problem because I doubt this course will ever be implemented in its current form (seeing as it’s fictional). 

I thought the workshop was practical and useful. It made me reflect on my writing skills course and how it might look different if I’d designed it following the ABC principles. I’ve always been kind of reluctant to look at the big picture; if we were supposed to write an outline for an essay in English class I usually didn’t do it and started on the first paragraph straight away. Generally, the essays turned out fine, but I can appreciate that it would have been useful to write an outline. The essays might have been even better. 

I’d be interested to read how you approach (blended or online) course design. Do you think you could apply (parts of) this approach? Would it work with classroom courses? What about language teaching? 

Thanks for reading! 

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EAP

All you ever wanted to know about EAP

I have recently volunteered to plan and deliver a short workshop for my coworkers on academic writing. I’m very much looking forward to this because I do very little F2F teaching these days – I’ve just done my biannual two weeks and so am not likely to step inside a classroom until exam time in June, during which time any teaching I do will take place online.

Photo taken from ELTpics by Dace Praulins, used under a CC BY-NC 2.0 license.

A little bit of background: our department has recently run a couple of in-house workshops on various aspects of conducting academic research, so my topic – academic writing in English – ties in nicely with the overall theme. I also have considerable experience teaching introductory EAP sessions to undergrads, which helps explain my readiness to volunteer. For those interested in what that experience entails, I wrote briefly about it for EAP stories over on Joanna Malefaki’s blog (along with six other EAP instructors from a range of backgrounds).

My usual EAP classes are different from the coming workshop in that I have 60 hours instead of a semester and roughly 30 undergrads as opposed to half that many adults (yeah, yeah, undergrads are also supposed to be adults and if you’ve followed me for some time you know how I feel about that 😛 ).

I’ve been thinking along the lines of “Everything you wanted to know about EAP (but had no chance to ask)” for the title of the workshop, with the idea of covering as much of the very basics as possible in 3 hours. Obviously, I already have some ideas – one of which is definitely to use that table with academic phrases and their actual equivalents (you know the one: sample size was small = I could only find one person to experiment on, that kind of thing) maybe as a matching activity for humorous effect.

If you were running a similar workshop, what is something (the one thing) you would definitely include? I don’t mean actual activities, but topics. The assumption is that the audience has research experience (and in terms of writing it up) but hasn’t had (many) EAP sessions. Your input would be very much appreciated, PLN – thanks in advance!